All manuscripts for articles, original research reports, editorials, comments, reviews, book reviews, and letters submitted to the journal must be accompanied by a conflict-of-interest disclosure statement or a declaration by the authors that they do not have any conflicts of interest to declare. All articles published in the journal must be accompanied by this conflict-of-interest disclosure statement or a statement that the authors have replied that they have no conflicts of interest to declare. If a journal prints unsigned editorials, it should not have been written by anyone with a conflict of interest. To facilitate this policy, all authors must privately disclose 'ALL their potential conflicts of interest to the editors of the journal at the time of submission. These include all financial and non-financial interests and relationships with other organizations. Authors should disclose any conflict of interest that may have influenced either the conduct or the presentation of the research to the editors, including but not limited to close relationships with those who might be helped or hurt by the publication, academic interests, and rivalries, and any personal, religious or political convictions relevant to the topic at hand. The authors must include a draft statement that discloses all relevant conflicts of interest and affiliations in the article. The authors may reject reviewer(s) at the time of submission due to any conflict of interest.
For Editors and Reviewers
Editors and reviewers must reject /decline to be involved with a submission when they have a recent/current publication or submission with the author. Share or recently shared affiliations with the author, collaborate, or have close relationships with the author or financial interest/gain, or feel unable to be objective. Editorial staff must not use information gained through working with manuscripts for private gain. Reviewers must declare any remaining interests in the 'Confidential' section of the review form, which the editor will consider. Reviewer(s) must declare any conflict of interest which may affect their review work. In cases of conflict of interest, the reviewer(s) are requested to notify the editorial team of their inability to review a particular research paper. Editors and peer reviewers should disclose interests that might appear to affect their ability to present or review work objectively. These might include relevant financial interests or personal, political, or religious interests, detailed descriptions about tasks, and responsibilities of all parties on avoiding and managing COIs.